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Proposed Participatory Watershed Management Project PWMP a follow on Project of IWDP-Hills-II


Participatory Watershed Management Project shall be as successor of the IWDP (Hills-II). This will inherit the theme and core of the IWDP phase I and II, in terms of resources and infrastructure and also inturn shall act as a surety and guaranty for momentum IWDP program has generated to protect the environment while increasing the productivity through Afforestation, Agro-forestry, Agronomical/Vett. Practices and sound land use strategy with the special reference to fragile Himalayan eco- system.

Background:

The IWDP Phase – I was launched in the State with the assistance of World Bank during the year 1990 and concluded its filed operations in the year 1999. The total expenditure of Rs.73.87 Crores had been incurred and an area of 57260 ha covered during the said period.

The IWDP Hills-II was implemented w.e.f 1999 till September 2005 with a total expenditure of Rs.193.60 Crores covering an area of 69281 ha.

From the year 2005-06 onwards IWDP is working for preparation of the follow on Participatory Watershed Management Project. An expenditure of Rs.2.22 Crores have been incurred on conducting of studies, preparation of a number of documents / manuals, base line survey, social mobilization, awareness camps etc.

The Participatory Watershed Management Project, a follow on project of IWDP Hill-II, will cover an area of 3,14,705 ha in 11 Sub watersheds namely Kamhil (Kupwara), Sukhnag (Badgam), Sindh (Gandarbal), Lidder (Anantnag), Jehlum (Baramulla), Indus (Leh), Suru (Kargil), Ans (Rajouri), Tawi (Udhampur), Manawar Tawi (Jammu), and Kuntwara (Doda) with an outlay of US $ 151.1 Million (Rs.740.00 Crores at current exchange rate). The life of the Project would be 7 years. The final appraisal of the Project was conducted from May 5 to 12 2008 by a World Bank Mission and tentative dates from 9th to 13th June 2008 were communicated for negotiations of the project. For negotiations internal clearances of the State Government including constitution of a Society for Project implementation is a pre-requisite. As soon as approval is accorded, the Government of India and the World Bank would be approached for negotiations and approval.

Brief note regarding functioning of PWMP:

Brief note regarding functioning of Participatory Watershed Management Project (PWMP) The IWDP-Hills-II was completed in Sep.2005. Thereafter the preparation of Phase III named as “Participatory Watershed Management Project” was completed the final appraisal of the Project (PWMP) was conducted by the World Bank Mission successfully on 5th – 12th May, 2008. Since the Project has not been approved, no field activity has been going on for the last 5 years.

The proposed Participatory watersheds Management Project (PWMP) will be implemented in 11 sub-watersheds namely 1. Sukhnag (Khan Shaib) 2. Jehlum (Sheeri) 3. Lidder 4. Sindh (Kangan) 5. Kahmil (Ramal Nagri 6. Kuntwara/ Bhalessa (Doda) 7. Ans (Budal 8. Tawi (Jindrah 9. Manawar Tawi (Khour 10. Indus (Leh) 11. Suru (Kargil) consisting of 328 micro watersheds comprising 797 villages covering an area of 314705 Ha. and about one million beneficiaries will be covered under the Project. The Project period is seven years. The total Project cost was Rs.624.67 crores for all the sub-watersheds as appraised by the World Bank. The above amount has been revised to Rs. 993.00 crores as per Central Govt. advice.

Development Objectives:

  • Primary:-To improve the productive potential and increase livelihood options using area specific watershed treatment technologies and strengthening local institutions.

  • Secondary:- To harmonize watershed development programme and policies across the State in accordance with best practices.

There will be four main component of the PWMP which are given as under:-
  • Institutional Strengthening
  • Sustainable Watershed Management
  • Increasing Livelihood Opportunities
  • Project Management

Present status:

  • Project finally appraised by the World Bank in May 2008.
  • It is pending approval by the World Bank.
  • Delay is because of the World Bank internal policy of treating J&K as a disputed territory and its mention in their documents.
  • Govt. of India Ministry of Finance to resolve this issue with the World Bank.
  • State Govt. has followed it up at the highest level including Union Finance Minister and Hon’ble Prime Minister.
  • Action is pending with the Govt. of India