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Lessons from other programs including IWDP – Hills I and II

  • There is a need for social intermediation, a process by which the poor families are organized into local institutions through awareness and capacity building aimed at empowering them with self-confidence, self-help etc.

  • The poorest and ultra poor are largely left out and are not yet part of SHGs. Hence there is a need to mobilize them into SHGs.

  • The success and sustainability of poverty reduction initiatives depends on the involvement of the community and target beneficiaries in identifying and prioritising their needs, planning, appraising, implementing and monitoring of livelihood enhancement activities.

  • The success of livelihood projects demands providing adequate technical assistance, inputs and also linkages to markets and other institutions.

  • The local institutions should be inclusive bodies representing all sections and categories of the target community, and should operate in a transparent and efficient manner; and must remain accountable to the target community.

  • It is necessary to have a specific focus on business development and activity federations and bigger economic activities need to be promoted for sustainability.

  • Target communities are willing to contribute in terms of cash, labour and materials provided there are clear roles for them in the management and control of resources, there are perceived benefits to them and have autonomy and freedom in selecting technology options, procuring goods and services etc.

  • Poor have capacity and willingness to repay the loans. However repayment depends upon the processes adopted by the project.

  • The target communities need facilitation and hand holding support for mobilization, institution development, technical assistance, linkages and partnerships.

  • Local communities internalize capacities through learning-by-doing, and the emerging local community resource persons have demonstrated capacities to offer services to other communities.

  • Building social capital (like paraprofessionals) at village level, enhances and supports the process of promotion of livelihoods and, thereby, economic empowerment of the community in general and poor, in particular.

  • The disabled, the ultra poor and other vulnerable groups require differential and supportive approaches for enabling their mainstreaming.

  • The efficiency of local institutions could be enhanced by designing and implementing simple and community friendly monitoring systems and public display of progress and details of financial and procurement aspects.